Initially, though, the job was poorly understood. Janet Abbate, a professor of science and technology in society at Virginia Tech, explains in her book Recoding Gender that, in the absence of a concrete grasp on the job, gender stereotypes partially filled this vacuum, leading many people to downplay the skill level of womens work and its importance to the computing enterprise. Notably, where more egalitarian gender roles prevailed, so did the job options available to women in computing. While American and British women were effectively barred from building hardware during the mid-20th century, women in the relatively more equitable Soviet Union helped construct the first digital computer in 1951. By the time Cosmopolitan was interviewing Grace Hopper, the field was already taking a masculine turn. Aptitude tests and personality profiles, which were the primary mechanisms used to screen and rank job candidates in programming in the 1950s and 60s, helped accelerate the professions shift from female to male. These measures, which hiring managers considered to be objective, often told employers less about an applicants suitability for the job than his or her possession of frequently stereotyped characteristics. Tests like the widely used IBM PAT primarily focused on mathematical aptitude, even as industry leaders argued that such skills were becoming irrelevant to contemporary programmingthe conclusion of a paper presented at a 1957 computing conference was that the correlation between test scores and performance reviews on the job was not statistically significant. The type of math questions on these multiple-choice examsrequiring little nuance or context-specific problem solvingwere often testing skills that men were more likely than women to have learned in school at a time when girls were more likely to be steered away from STEM subjects. A growing reliance on personality profilesexams intended to identify the less tangible qualities that adept programmers possess, like ingenuityonly added to this effect. After two prominent psychologists noted that programmers shared the striking characteristic of their disinterest in people companies began seeking out antisocial applicants. A feedback loop ensued.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2016/09/what-programmings-past-reveals-about-todays-gender-pay-gap/498797/?utm_source=feed
The sainthood ceremony, for which the Vatican could easily have issued twice as many tickets, comes one day short of the 19th anniversary of Teresa’s death, at 87, in the Indian city where she spent her adult life, first teaching, then tending to the dying poor. It was in the latter role, at the head of her own still-active order, the Missionaries of Charity, that Teresa became one of the most famous women on the planet. Born to Kosovar Albanian parents in Skopje — then part of the Ottoman empire, now the capital of Macedonia — she won the 1979 Nobel peace prize and was revered around the world as a beacon for the Christian values of self-sacrifice and charity. She was simultaneously regarded with scorn by secular critics who accused her of being more concerned with evangelism than with improving the lot of the poor. The debate over the nun’s legacy has continued after her death with researchers uncovering financial irregularities in the running of her Order and evidence mounting of patient neglect, insalubrious conditions and questionable conversions of the vulnerable in her missions. A picture of her as someone who was just as comfortable flying around in a private plane as clutching the hand of a dying patient has also emerged to counterbalance her saintly image. – Miracles or medicine – Mother Teresa presents documents for a new house to a villager from Latur in Bombay on September 26, 1994. REUTERS/Savita Kirloskar Sceptics will be absent from the Vatican Sunday however as Francis pays homage to a woman he sees as the embodiment of his vision of a “poor church for the poor”. “Tomorrow we will have the joy of seeing Mother Teresa proclaimed a saint,” the Argentinian pontiff said on Saturday. “And how she deserves to be!” “This witness to mercy in our time will join the vast array of men and women who, by their holiness of life, have made the love of Christ visible.” By historical standards, Teresa has been fast-tracked to sainthood, thanks largely to one of the few people to have achieved canonisation faster, John Paul II.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.businessinsider.com/afp-mother-teresa-elevated-to-sainthood-2016-9
Negotiating A Better Paycheck: Five Tips To Get You The Money You Deserve
It can be hard to find the right job for your skills and personality. Are you a self starter or do you need guidance? Ask yourself these questions to find your niche. Pick the correct job by using tips from this article.
If you’re having a hard time with your job search, you might want to consider a different approach. There are many companies that are not currently hiring, but do not allow that to stop you. Broaden your search to different regions, but be certain they are affordable.
You must always make sure to try to keep things professional and conflict-free with your fellow coworkers. It is important that you are seen as somebody that gets along with other people, even those that are difficult. It will also make you a good candidate to move up in your company and possibly take on management roles.
Amenities are something that can attract employers who want to work harder. In an effort to retain top talent, many large corporations are showering employees with all sorts of work perks and benefits. This will increase competition and make the workplace more profitable. As the employer, you will be able to choose from the cream of the crop.
When it comes to your coworkers and managers, remember to keep your personal and professional lives separate. It is advisable to stay on a professional level at all times. These friendships may lead to drama and gossip which will be detrimental to the workplace. You want to keep the most professional appearance at your workplace.
Attend any career fairs in your area when you are searching for a job. You will learn a lot about the current job market, and will find new opportunities for employment. Plus, it’s great for networking and increasing your contact database with people that may help you land that dream job in the future.
You don’t want to ever limit yourself to one job title because they can be worded in different ways. Research other jobs online, and determine which ones are right for you. By doing this, you’ll be able to find more job possibilities.
A resume is but your first step. Your resume should be kept updated, crisp, professional and current. http://lovemiasanders.denaliinstitute.org/2016/09/03/an-updated-examination-of-common-sense-interview-solutionsThat said, there’s more to the process than that. People that are hiring need people that are enthusiastic and dedicated because they need their business to do well. Think about what your strengths are and make sure you highlight them.
You need to be appropriately dressed for a job interview. Be certain to pick appropriate clothes and make sure to pay attention to your personal grooming. Potential employers will probably judge you on what they see, so be sure to leave them with a positive impression.
Use social media along with your resume if possible. Social media is becoming popular among many business, and this can help your employer get to know you a bit better.
Always be aware of the fact that a company has the ultimate goal to make a profit. When preparing for an interview or writing a resume, make sure you use words that showcase your talents to potential employers. They need to know exact details.
If you are having a hard time with your resume, use a template from the Internet. websitesMany free templates are available that can be edited to your liking. Find a resume form that allows you to present the aspects of your career experience you select in their best light.
If you are short on money during your job search, consider getting a job in a different field for the time being so you can pay your bills. Wait tables or tend bar, for example, while you look for a job in your field.
Try to get a steady schedule where you work. It is important that your boss know what your schedule is each day. This establishes a sense of trust. Be consistent with any hours you can work and lunch breaks you’ll need. If you have to make an adjustment, let your boss know as soon as possible.
Be aware of your personality during the interview. Make sure you stay positive, and smile a lot. Following this one simple rule will ensure that whoever interviews you will at least have a positive impression of you and your demeanor.
After filling out numerous resumes, your phone will start to ring. Bear this in mind as you answer incoming calls. You need to make a great first impression on the person that could be hiring you, even if they’re only someone that does the interviews for that company.
Phone interviews are just as important as in-office interviews. Get a speech written and memorized that goes over what you’ve accomplished, what your goals are, and why you think the job is right for you. This can improve the odds of getting an interview and the job.
Don’t answer an interviewers question using a question. You really can’t answer wrong if you speak with confidence and stay positive. Researching a company can not hurt you. In this way, you can answer questions appropriately and still highlight you unique talents.
Finding the right type of employment for your personality can be difficult. Consider your personality. What kind of job will leave you frustrated, and what work will prove satisfying? Apply the tips you just read and you will get excellent results in your job search.